Buses, coaches and lorries are responsible for a quarter of CO2 emissions from transport. Soon, manufacturers will have to provide data on CO2 emissions and fuel consumption performance of their new vehicles.
This is the first time that CO2 emissions from buses, coaches and lorries will be subject to European regulation, which is good news for air quality and the climate since they make up 5% of all European vehicles and account for 26% of transport emissions.
On 26 March, the European Parliament and Council came to a provisional agreement on a regulation aimed at establishing a system to monitor and report CO2 emissions as well as fuel consumption of new heavy-duty vehicles in the EU.
The Commission believes that the new regulation will increase transparency, and will allow vehicle operators to “take well-informed purchasing decisions and save on fuel costs”.
The text states that it is the responsibility of member states to monitor and report all new vehicles (including trailers) registered during a calendar year.
The task of monitoring and reporting information on CO2 emissions and fuel consumption is left to vehicle manufacturers. The calculation tool Vecto developed by the Commission with stakeholders will be used to calculate those emissions.
The Commission will make the data public via a register managed by the European Environment Agency. Administrative fines will be imposed in cases of non-reporting of data by vehicle manufacturers or falsified data reporting.